Hood rises 11,239 feet (3426 meters) above sea level (USGS); its base spreads over
92 square miles
Mt. Hood dates from
the late Pleistocene Era.
Mt. Hood is the highest
mountain in Oregon; the 4th highest in the string
of Cascade Mountain Range volcanoes that stretch from Mt.
Garibaldi in British Columbia south to Mt. Lassen in Northern
“Wy’East” is the
American Indian name for Mt. Hood.
(Mt. Adams was Klickitat and Mt. St. Helens was Loowit,
and the Great Spirit was called Tyee Sahalie.)
Mt. Hood is a dormant
or “sleeping” volcano, with steam constantly spewing from
(all minor): 1804, 1853, 1854, 1859, 1865, and 1907. Scientists believe Mt. Hood could have a significant eruption
within the next 75 years. More Volcano Information at
Eleven glaciers grace
Mt. Hood’s peak.
Mt. Hood is 22 miles
south of the Columbia River.
The first white men
“discovered” the mountain on October 29, 1792, when British
Navy Lt. William E. Broughton and his crew (representing King
George III) saw it from the Columbia River near the mouth
of the Willamette River.
Broughton named the peak for famed British naval officer
Admiral Samuel Hood (who never saw the mountain).
In 1805, Lewis &
Clark became the first Americans to see the mountain, first
calling it “the Falls Mountain, or Timm Mountain”, until learning
of the prior naming by the British.
Timm was the Indian name given to the falls area in
the Columbia River just above the site of The Dalles.
1845, Oregon Trail pioneers Samuel K. Barlow, Joel Palmer
and their parties opened the first wagon trail over the Cascades
on the south side of Mt. Hood. While still a very difficult trail, the Barlow Trail became
much preferred over the treacherous Columbia River rafting
route to Oregon City.
August 14, 1845 by 3 members of the Barlow party
- Sam Barlow, Joel Palmer and Phillip Locke.
Mt. Hood is the second
most climbed mountain in the world, second only to Japan’s
holy Mt. Fujiyama.
The largest party
to ever climb Mt. Hood:
411 people, August 9, 1936.
The famed climbing
dog, Ranger, born in 1925, climbed an alleged 500 times during
his life, with his owners and friends.
Ranger made his last climb in 1938, died in 1939, and
was buried on the summit of Mt. Hood in a grave suitable for
this famous canine mountaineer.
Other animals sighted on the summit of Mt. Hood over
the years include a badger, chipmunks, mice, a couple of bears,
an elk, red foxes, a wolf, and three domestic sheep.
The first wedding
held on Mt. Hood’s summit was in July 1915, united Blanche
Pechette and Frank Pearce.
Mt. Hood boasts 5
ski areas: Timberline Lodge Ski Area, Mt. Hood Meadows, Mt. Hood Ski Bowl,
Cooper Spur Ski Area, and Summit Ski Area.
Landmark, Timberline Lodge, was built at the 6000’ elevation
by the WPA (Work Projects Administration) and the CCC (Civilian
Conservation Corps) and dedicated by President Roosevelt,
September 28, 1937.
Ski Area has the only year-round ski season in North America,
closed for only 2 weeks in late September.
A record 318” base of snow was on the ground at Timberline
during the winter of 1998-99.
Ski Area hosts the longest continually run ski race in America,
the Golden Rose Ski Classic every June.
With 3590 vertical
feet, Timberline Lodge Ski Area’s 1000 ski able acres boasts
the most vertical feet of ski terrain in the Pacific Northwest.
Mile chairlift, built in 1939, was the first chairlift in
Mt. Hood Meadows
Ski Area covers 2159 acres, with 240 acres of night skiing.
Mt. Hood Ski Bowl
is the largest night skiing area in North America.
The Mt. Hood National
Forest encompasses 1.2 million acres, has 4 designated Wilderness
Areas, and over 1200 miles of hiking trails.